FEATURE // Criminal Penalty Reductions – C-75

C-75 will make serious crimes punishable by a summary offense which means that crimes which currently have a penalty of 2+ years could be reduced to as little as a fine.  The discretion would be up to the judge.  It is currently in the House of Commons and expected to be studied in committee the end of September (2018) and likely voted on this same month.

C-75 HYBRID OFFENCES: QUICK REFERENCE SHEET

Source: www.robnicholson.ca

June 30, 2018

The following is a list of indictable offences in the Criminal Code of Canada, which Bill C-75 proposes to make eligible for summary conviction. Essentially, C-75 proposes to allow summary convictions as a possible prosecutorial option for crimes that were previously indictable offences. Indictable offences are some of the most serious crimes recognized in the Criminal Code of Canada. Consequently, if C-75 receives Royal Assent without amendment, crimes traditionally punishable by up to 10 years imprisonment could be reduced to a mere fine.

This is unacceptable. Conservatives are very concerned that C-75 opens the possibility to reduce penalties for some of the most serious crimes in Canada.

The purpose of this document is to be used as a tool for quick reference. The order of the offence titles below are as they are listed in C-75. If the reader requires further details on the crime being affected by C-75, please refer to the Bill Text of C-75, which can be found here: http://www.parl.ca/Content/Bills/421/Government/C-75/C-75_1/C-75_1.PDF

Alternatively, the reader may refer to the current text in the Criminal Code of Canada, which can be found here: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/PDF/C-46.pdf

Sign the Bill C-75 Petition here.

Title of offence as found in Bill C-75:

    1. Sabotage
    2. Possession of forged, etc., passport
    3. Fraudulent use of certificate of citizenship
    4. Offences in relation to military forces
    5. Punishment of rioter
    6. Concealment of identity
    7. Neglect by peace officer
    8. Unlawful drilling
    9. Orders by Governor in Council
    10. Possession of explosive (note: change in title of offence)
    11. Providing or collecting property for certain activities
    12. Providing, making available, etc. property or services for terrorist purposes
    13. Using or possessing property for terrorist purposes
    14. Participation in activity of a terrorist group
    15. Leaving Canada to participate in activity of terrorist group
    16. Advocating or promoting commission of terrorism offences
    17. Concealing person who carried out terrorist activity
    18. Concealing a person who is likely to carry out terrorist activity
    19. Frauds on the government
    20. Breach of trust by public officer
    21. Municipal corruption
    22. Influencing municipal official
    23. Selling or purchasing office
    24. Influencing or negotiating appointments or dealing in offices
    25. Disobeying a statute
    26. Offences relating to affidavits
    27. Obstructing justice
    28. Compounding indictable offences
    29. Corruptly taking reward for recovery of goods
    30. Prison breach
    31. Permitting or assisting escape
    32. Rescue or permitting escape
    33. Assisting prisoner of war to escape
    34. Corrupting children
    35. Obstructing or violence to or arrest of officiating clergyman
    36. Common nuisance
    37. Dead body
    38. Interception
    39. Interception of radio-based telephone communications
    40. Possession, etc.
    41. Disclosure of information
    42. Disclosure of information received from interception of radio-based telephone communications
    43. Keeping a gaming or betting house
    44. Offence in relation to lotteries and games of chance
    45. Cheating at play
    46. Keeping a common bawdy-house
    47. Causing bodily harm by negligence
    48. Punishment for infanticide
    49. Neglect to obtain assistance in childbirth
    50. Concealing the body of a child
    51. Administering noxious thing
    52. Traps likely to cause bodily harm
    53. Bodily harm
    54. Offence-related place
    55. Dangerous operation causing bodily harm
    56. Unseaworthy vessel and unsafe aircraft
    57. Offence involving bodily harm
    58. Impaired driving causing bodily harm
    59. Blood alcohol over legal limit – bodily harm
    60. Failure or refusal to provide sample – bodily harm
    61. Impeding attempt to save life
    62. Material benefit – trafficking
    63. Withholding or destroying documents – trafficking
    64. Abduction of person under the age of 16
    65. Abduction of person under the age of 14
    66. Material benefit from sexual services
    67. Bigamy
    68. Procuring feigned marriage
    69. Polygamy
    70. Forced marriage
    71. Marriage under age of 16 years
    72. Pretending to solemnize marriage
    73. Marriage contrary to law
    74. Punishment of libel known to be false
    75. Punishment for defamatory libel
    76. Extortion by libel
    77. Advocating genocide
    78. Punishment for theft
    79. Fraudulently taking cattle or defacing brand
    80. Punishment for theft of cattle
    81. Taking possession, etc., of drift timber
    82. Destroying documents of title
    83. Fraudulent concealment
    84. Disguise with intent
    85. Possession of instruments for breaking into coin-operated or currency exchange devices
    86. Selling, etc., automobile master key
    87. Possession of property obtained by crime
    88. Bringing into Canada property obtained by crime
    89. False pretence or false statement
    90. Obtaining execution of valuable security by fraud
    91. Damaging documents
    92. Offences in relation to registers
    93. Using mails to defraud
    94. Fraudulent manipulation of stock exchange transactions
    95. Prohibited insider trading
    96. Gaming in stocks or merchandise
    97. Broker reducing stock by selling for their own account
    98. Fraudulent concealment of title documents
    99. Fraudulent registration of a title
    100. Fraudulent sale of real property
    101. Misleading receipt
    102. Fraudulent disposal of goods on which money advanced
    103. Fraudulent receipts under the Bank Act
    104. Disposal of property to defraud creditors
    105. Fraud in relation to fares, etc.
    106. Fraud in relation to valuable minerals
    107. Possession of stolen or fraudulently obtained valuable minerals
    108. Offences in relation to mines
    109. Books and documents
    110. Privy
    111. False return by public officer
    112. False prospectus, etc.
    113. Acknowledging instrument in false name
    114. Applying or removing marks without authority
    115. Threat against internationally protected person
    116. Thread against United Nations or associated personnel
    117. Secret commissions
    118. Arson for fraudulent purpose
    119. Arson by negligence
    120. Possession of incendiary material
    121. Interfering with saving of wrecked vessel
    122. Interfering with marine signal, etc.
    123. Removing natural bar without permission
    124. Occupant injuring building
    125. Interfering with international boundary marks, etc.
    126. Having clippings, etc.
    127. Uttering coin
    128. Advertising and dealing in counterfeit money
    129. Conspiracy
    130. Participation in activities of a criminal organization
    131. Breach of long-term supervision